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Useful Information - Darts Regulation - Equipment - Darts Game Types

Are you looking for rules, equipment or information about the game of darts?


Installing the Arrows board

board height

According to international regulations, the centre of the board (or rather the bullseye) must be placed at 5' 8" which, for both Italian federations, become 173 cm high.

It is also worth remembering that the sector with a value of 20 must be at the top, at 12 o'clock; that is, in the middle of the top of the board.

To make sure that your board for darts steel is in the correct position can be useful a bracket for fastening that will allow us to remove the same if not necessary and to reposition the board for darts always in the correct position and precise very quickly. In addition, on the back of the board, there will be a dot indicating the exact point corresponding to the center of the bullseye.

In the case of electronic board, however, there will be holes on the sides of the board to place it at the right height.

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Distance of the firing line

The firing line must be 3-4 cm wide and placed at 237 cm from the ground projection of the center of the board. To make this measurement with precision it can be useful to measure with a lead wire, or a string, the perpendicular of the bullseye on the floor and from them count the 2.37 meters; or you can more simply add to the standard size the thickness of the board darts.

If in doubt, the diagonal measurement between the centre of the board and the center of the firing line can also be used to match 2.93 m.

It is good to remember that the line, understood as the line on which the 237 cm measurement was taken, cannot be crossed or even just trampled during the match.

Some regulations, only for the game with darts soft tip and therefore with electronic boards, plan to place the firing line at 8' or 244 cm instead of 237 cm. This means that the diagonal measurement will also be 298 cm.

Accessories such as Bull's Darts board support help with installation

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All you need for the darts game is a board, or dartboard, and at least a set of 3 darts. Better yet if we also have a dartline and a scoreboard.

If you want to have the convenience of a computer that holds the scores, it suggests the right combination of shots to close your hand, challenges you or allows you a long series of fun games the choice could be an electronic board with a set of darts with the plastic tip, or rather soft tip.

Additional advantage, especially if darts are to be placed in the house, in particularly delicate environments, is that the darts soft tip will not damage the wall around the board or the floor in case of wrong shot.

The darts soft tip,in Italy, are having great diffusion in circles, pubs and bars. This means that you can safely play anywhere, bringing with you your favorite and personalized professional darts set to be perfect with your style.

Dartboard or board

The boards are divided into bristled or "boards bristol" boards for the game with steeldarts, with metal toes, and in electronic boards for playing with plastic darts soft tips.

Both boards have the appearance in common. They are divided into 20 sectors, with a score of 1 to 20, which form wedges with a special section called bull in the middle.

Then there are two rings that cross the board and which, by intersecting the numbered sectors, create the double and triple sectors. The outermost ring creates the sectors of double, where the score has doubled, while the innermost one the sectors of the triple, where the score of the wedge is multiplied by 3. For example, the double ring of 20 will be worth 40 points while the triple sector, the always desired triple twenty, will be worth 60 points. The centre of the board is also divided into two areas. The outer one, called Bull or Onion, is worth 25 points while the inside one, or Bullseye, is worth 50.

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steel tip boards – steel Dart

The best boards are made from sisal fibers (a fatty plant of African origin) woven and glued.

The advantage of boards in sisal is that they are very durable as the fibers open to accommodate the tip of the dart and then recompact once extracted. This allows the board to remain efficient for a long time, especially when used as a fun home pastime.

One trick to prolong the life of a good board is to rotate the crown indicating the numbers in order to take advantage of the least used sectors. This is obviously only possible with good quality boards, where the crown of numbers is repositionable and separated from the spider, the network that divides the various sectors of the board such as the matchplay board of Bull's Darts

Always remember to make sure that the sector of the 20 is black, all the regulations of the darts game say so.

Some boards in particularly valuable sisal such as the bull's Darts board Classic allow you to play with soft tip darts that mount a good quality plastic tip.

Electronic boards for plastic tips - soft Dart

As mentioned the advantage of electronic boards is that they come with a computer that can calculate the score of your challenges and allow you to play a large variant of games by challenging your friends or computer.

Electronic boards are similar to boards in sisal but, instead of fibres, the sectors are made up of thousands of small holes where the plastic tips will fit in soft tip.

The most modern boards allow you to keep the score of various games and also to show the scores of matches of the "Cricket" variant such as the Flash board of Bull's Darts

Why is this the numbering of boards?

It seems that the numbering dates back to the end of the 1800s and is intended to reduce "lucky" pitches. To do this, each sector with a higher "value" i.e. with a value greater than 12 is flanked by sectors with a value of less than 12 so as to penalize an incorrect shot. So aiming for the 20 you risk hitting the 5 or 1 in case of an error so the damage will be greater.


Anatomy of a Dart

Each dart consists of 4 main parts: Tip, Body or Barrel; shaft or shaft; flights or flight.

The tips can be metal, steel tip, or plastic, soft tip.

The body or barrel is the main part and come in a wide variety of sizes, weights, shapes and materials.

The shafts or shaft and flights or flight are a replaceable part of the dart and allow you to adapt the dart to the technical and aesthetic style of the player. The dart, during shooting, is subject to air resistance and gravity. A well-balanced dart suitable for the player's style will maintain a stable trajectory, with few oscillations.

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Weight of darts

Steeldarts Dart with metal tip.

The range of weights ranges from 18 to 50 grams although, normally, you do not exceed 30 grams.

The weight of darts is usually referred to only the body with tip, so shafts and flightsare excluded.

Most regulations place a maximum weight of 50 grams.

For the novice player it is advisable a slightly heavier dart to better seize the technique and to be able to afford small mistakes in the shot that a lighter dart would not forgive. Increasing the experience many players prefer slightly lighter darts in order to have a better sensitivity when shooting.

Dart soft darts with plastic tip

Weights are slightly lower. Usually from 14 to 20 grams and, in some cases, up to 24 grams.

The difference in weight lies in the lighter tip and therefore the compensation of the weights of the other parts of the dart; Another reason is that, initially, electronic dart boards were delicate and could not withstand the most powerful blows of heavy darts.

Now that the technology has improved darts soft darts and steel darts differ in weight only a few grams.

The weight of darts is usually referred to the full tip dart, shaft and flights.

In the case of darts soft dart for electronic darts many federations limit the maximum weight of the dart to 20 grams.

An 18-20 grams dart with slim flights and a medium-sized body could be a great initial choice.

Material of the body dart or barrel

The most commonly used materials for dart bodies are: tungsten; steel; brass.

Brass is less expensive, often improved in its mechanical skills by coatings of hard material such as chrome, and is the correct choice for the novice player who does not yet have his own precise style or for the amateur player who challenges friends in the tavern.

Stainless steel or palladium alloys are more durable than brass and therefore give longer lifespans.

Tungsten is the best performing choice. You use alloys where tungsten varies from 60%, although the best ones contain at least 80%, to 97% such as the Mamba 97 of Bull's Darts

The advantage of tungsten darts is in the strength and hardness of the material that allows the professional dart to remain constant over time. In addition to this the specific weight higher than other materials allows to create bodies or barrels thinner that allow concentrated shots on the board.

For these features, tungsten is the choice for professional darts dedicated to experienced players.

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Barrel or Body Shapes and Grips

The shape of the barrel is given by the ratio of its length to its circumference.

Longer shapes allow closer shots, squat shapes allow you to have more compact and therefore more stable darts in flight.

Grips, on the other hand, are related to the work on the body of the dart and allow you to feel the grip on the barrel more firmly.

The most commonly used models are:

Ringed Grip: ring design

Knurled Grip: with zigzagging work

Shark Grip: with slanted toothwork

B Grip: ringwork in which the space between the two rings alternates between reduced and greater

The various processes can be associated with each other, be very dense or alternated in order to create a wide variety of grips that allows each player to find the perfect understanding with the dart.

Some Grip models are exclusive, such as The Curvex feature of Bull's Darts made with Micro Laser technology

Shafts or shaft

shafts or shaft are usually made of Polycarbonate, Nylon, Aluminum or Steel. They come in various lengths to allow the player to find the best solution based on his throwing style so that he can get shots with minimal swings and a well-balanced grip on the dart. They can be very light or heavier to better adjust the balance of the dart during flight.

The great revolution in the field of shafts was the birth of rotating heads like those found in the Spin Top Lite, Other or B-Grip Spin models of Bull's Darts. This solution allows flights, if hit by a subsequently launched dart, to rotate so as not to bounce or deflect the second dart and thus facilitate the shots focused on the triple twenty or bull's eye.

The shafts are always equipped with a threaded terminal so that they can be easily replaced on the body of the dart.

Usually the standard for the fillet is 2BA (6mm) in order to make all spare parts compatible with each other.

Flights or flight

The Flights differ not only in color and style but above all in the shape and surface of the flight.

There are many types, with more or less wide surfaces, to better adjust the trajectory of the dart.

In general, the rule may apply that steel or steel-tipped darts can have an arc trajectory and therefore need to flights with a greater surface area to better allow parable shots; the initial choice will tend to flight from the "standard" drawing that have the largest area.

The darts soft tips with plastic tips, on the other hand, will have to have a more horizontal trajectory to better fit into the conical holes of the board. For this reason, they may be more suitable flights with a "Slim" or even "Drop" surface with a much smaller area.

The flights can be of various materials: plastic more or less flexible, nylon, or dimplex like the Dimpletecs of Bull's Darts.
In case the flights tend to get away from the shafts you can resort to rings, aluminum or spring, that help the terminal to keep the flightfirmly.
To protect the back of the flights, but also as an additional weight adjustment, you can use the flights darts protections of Bull's Darts.

Breaking shafts, flights and tips

Breaking a shaft or flight while playing with darts steel does not mean being poor players, on the contrary, is an indication of great accuracy.

During the games, most of the shots will be aimed at triple-twenty, triple-19 and bull. If we can bring the darts closer together to make them touch it, it means that our accuracy is reaching very good levels.

Most professional players always carry backup shafts sets and spare flights with them to overcome these drawbacks.

Disassembling the shafts is not a complex operation, just unscrew the old ones, put the flights on the new shaft and restart everything.

Good practice to know the type of fillet used by our darts. Usually professional darts, or at least good quality, mount a 2BA (6mm) fillet. The classic bar darts, on the other hand, may have a 1/4" (8mm) fillet and therefore may not be compatible.
In the darts soft tip the plastic tip is deliberately resistant but not eternal to break without major problems or to flex in case of blows that struggle to get into the cone hole of the board.

When the tips are reversed or damaged, they must be changed without major problems. They are a cheap and easily available consumable accessory.

Even the best performing and sophisticated tips like Bull's Darts' Tefo-X keep prices affordable.

Another simple but important accessory for dart maintenance is a tool such as the Remove shafts of Bull's Darts that allows you to remove residue from shafts or tips stuck in the dart body

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Dart handle

There is no single grip. Each player can have his own style and it is also based on how he wields the dart that the best body will be chosen. Usually the rule for which you use at least 3 fingers (thumb and two more) is valid.
It is important to find the exact center of gravity of the dart and place your thumb just behind this point. The other fingers should be placed accordingly. There are players who come to rest the 4th or 5th almost on the tip, others who rest a finger on theshaft. Those who use more fingers will usually have more comfort with longer bodies, those who limit themselves to 3 fingers, easily, will choose a shorter body.
If you want to extend the grip zone to the tip orshaft there may be interesting tips such as Bull's Darts' Tefo-X Shark or Bull's Darts Techno shafts with additional grip zones.

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Shooting posture

It is said that the best position is the one where the shoulder line is perpendicular to the board. This position is very uncomfortable so, generally, the position is that the shoulders and board form an angle of 50-80 degrees. The position of the feet will consequently ensure balance and solidity during all phases of the arrow rise. The feet should never be beyond the line of shot and the most advanced foot, and in which you load the weight, will be the one at the hand with which you make the throw: right for right-handed and left-handed for left-handers.

Depending on the position we get used to, we may notice a shift of a few centimeters between the tip of the foot that touches the line and the center of the line. To always be consistent in shooting helps to have as reference a dartline with ruler as the PRO firing line of Bull's Darts . During the races it is forbidden to step on the line but many professionals prefer to lean on it and extend the body beyond this to have a, albeit minimal, advantage in terms of distance from the center.

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Dart Shot

The goal must be to have a technique that is always repeatable and constant. After understanding the position of the feet and body that allows you good stability and a fluid and linear movement to launch you have to focus on the movement of the arm.

The shooting stages are: Aim, Load, Acceleration and Launch.

Before analyzing them, let us remember that the pull of a dart tends to be a parable that is initially described by our arm. For this reason the longer the movement that we will make the more precise the shooting will be.

In the aiming phase we will align the dart with the point of the board that we want to hit; We will then load the arm backwards in order to gain strength and throw the arm forward making sure that the fulcrum of our grip, the point where thumb and second finger tighten the body of the dart, follow the parabola that we tried in the aiming phase. When we are at the far point of the parabola, before the movement of our arm begins to point the dart down, we will have the release or launch of the dart that will continue its flight until the board.

In the case of darts steel we will make sure that the dart is stuck in the board at an upward angle and in this we will help us with lighter shafts and wider flights.

In the case of plastic-tipped darts soft tip we will make sure that the dart travels more parallel to the ground and in this will help us shafts a little heavier and flights with less surface.

In case our shot is not stable in flight we will check that our handle is in the correct spot, that is, just behind the center of gravity of the dart. If necessary we can work on the length of the shafts or on the use of inserts such as Bull's Darts weight gain to find an optimal balance.

Each technique will then be personal so only training will allow you to find the right movement and will allow you to figure out how to customize your dart to fit your style. Remember that just trying and retrying your launch will become natural and spontaneous. Like when you have to throw a paper ball in the trash, you will no longer think about trajectory, strength or anything else, but you will focus only on the board.

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General rules of the darts game

Some rules always apply, no matter what specialty you choose.
Each turn consists of throwing three darts to marksman.
Darts that fall from the hands or pockets before the shot can be reused, those that have been thrown but have not reached the board not.
In the game with darts steel darts that do not plant in the board or fall from it during the throwing of the following arrows are not considered valid.

The darts that hit the spider (or spider) that divides the sectors (Bounce-Out) are also not valid. That's why professional darts boards like Bull's Darts Advantage X-Tra use very thin spiders without staples.

In soft tip darts, however, the score is considered valid if recorded by the computer of the electronic board even if the darts soft darts does not fit into the holes or falls later. However, the rule that darts that are thrown are valid remains valid even if they are fixed in the black area of the board. More advanced electronic boards such as Bull's Darts' Dartforce allow you to decide whether or not to keep darts that don't stay stuck in the board (Bounce-Out function)

The scores in the game with metal pointed darts are handmade on a board near the board, in the case of darts soft tip is the electronic board to take into account the shots and scores.

How to determine the player that starts

Those who start have an advantage, especially in games like 501 or Cricket where it basically means having three shots ahead of the opponent. To decide who starts each player pulls a dart and according to the distance from the center determines the starting order (from closest to the most distant). In the event of a tie, a tie-breaker is made.

Usually those who lose a leg (or match) start the next leg. This rule stems from the custom of playing darts in English pubs where the loser had to offer the winner a pint of beer for which he was the one to start the next game while the opponent enjoyed the prize.

Game types

01 Family

The standard, recognized by all federations, is the familiar "01" with its variants.
Each player starts with a score of 501 (or 301, 701, 901 depending on the variants) and scales from this from the points scored.

Usually the rule of "Double out" applies so that the dart that causes the score to reach 0 must hit a double segment (if the score is 10 it will have to hit the 5 double). In case the scaffolding obtained exceeds what you need or leaves the score at 1 (for which there are no double sectors that allow the closure) you are in "Busting" so you cancel the turn and start again from the score before the next.

Variants used are the "simplex" or "Open" where a double is not needed to close or the "Double in" in which even the first valid dart must hit a double sector. To increase the difficulty you can decide to play with "Double In and Double Out" at the same time.

Another variant used is the "Master Out" in which the closing arrow must hit a double, triple, or Bull's Eye segment.

When the score is less than 200 there are tables like the one below that indicate to the player which areas to aim to close the game.

The perfect match

It's the close of a game by throwing only 9 darts to reach 501 points.
It is an uncommon event and, in the big tournaments, provides an extra prize regardless of the final ranking.
To do this there are various ways, the most spectacular is to hit 6 times in a row the triple twenty and then close the remaining 141 points with one of the possible combinations.
The most classic is triple winds, triple 19 and double 12.

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The in-game numbers (usually from 15 to 20) and the center are reported.
Each sector must be hit 3 times in order to be "closed". The double and triple sectors are worth as much as 2 or 3 centres.
Once the sector is closed, it will be possible to accumulate points by hitting it until the opponents have closed it. At that point that sector will be a zero shot for everyone.

The game closes when the highest-scoring player has closed all of their sectors or when the player who has closed all sectors will reach or surpass the opponent with the highest number of points.

In the "Simple" variant, the points made on closed sectors are not considered, but the sole purpose is to close all their sectors.

O' clock or Clock

The aim of the game is to hit all the numbers in ascending order from 1 to 20 and finally hit the center of the board.
Possible variants include the need to hit only doubles or triples or to perform three "clock turns" on the single, the double and the triple.


As with the clock you will have to hit the numbers from 1 to 20 in order but, before moving on to the next number will be hit the single sector, the double sector and the triple.

History of darts

Darts can have very ancient origin. They can be derived from the boards with which spear throwers trained, can result from indoor training during the winter of the English archers. It is said that even Henry VIII played there and that the famous Anne Boleyn paid homage to a set of finely decorated darts to the King.

Surely the spread of the game as we know it goes back to the 19th century when darts became fixed décor of pubs and clubs.

With the Second World War and with the presence of the British army in America darts were exported to the new continent.

In 1970, the British Darts Organization (BDO) and the AdO (American Darts Organization) were founded and championships and tournaments were held on both sides of the ocean.

During the 1980s, the spread of soft soft, secure plastic tip darts has given new impetus to the game of darts, and the invention of electronic coin boards has encouraged the spread of dartboards in all bars and clubs around the world.

In the 1990s, television also discovered darts and big networks such as Eurosport, Fox Sports and ESPN began broadcasting dart league events leading players to become real professionals competing in tournaments worth thousands of euros.